Brazil has no historical debt to slavery. This was one of the opinions expressed by Presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro (PSL), during TV Cultura’s Roda Viva interview program, when asked if it would be favorable to the affirmative action of racial quotas in universities. According to Bolsonaro, the Portuguese did not tread on Africa and “it was the Negroes themselves who delivered the slaves.” He said, “What a debt that is, my God. A Negro is not better than me, nor am I better than him. Why quotas? “He asked, noting that ending the quotas policy would depend on the National Congress, but that he would propose lowering the percentages.

 

There were few “misunderstandings” and distortions of historical facts cited by Bolsonaro to re-defend people like Colonel Carlos Alberto Brilhante Ustra, former head of Doi-Codi of the Second Army (1970-1974), one of the organs that operated in political repression during the military dictatorship (1964-1985). In 2008, Ustra became the first military man convicted of torture and, although retired, remained politically active in military clubs in defense of the dictatorship. “According to our Constitution, no one can be convicted without a final judgment, which has not happened with Ustra,” Bolsonaro said. According to him, the world lived the cold war and people “hung” to one side or the other. “Those who claimed to be tortured did so to obtain reparations, vows, piety, power. You can only hear one side of the story, another does not. If we had lost, today Brazil would be a Cuba, “he said.

Bolsonaro fired: “There is no other archive of the dictatorship,” he said, “if the archives of the dictatorship in the possession of the Armed Forces were to be opened, if elected. The Amnesty Law was buried. This is a wound that has to be healed. It’s from now on, “he said, mistrusting the need to know the story. “I’m not going to open anything, the papers are gone,” he said. “The papers have expiration dates in the Armed Forces,” he added. He then criticized former President Dilma Rousseff (PT): “Where Dilma was last week? Representing the Forum of São Paulo in Cuba. Do you think she fought for democracy? Her first husband hijacked the plane and went to Cuba. ”

In his very particular reading of history, the candidate said that in 1964 there was no coup d’etat with military, civil, business and multinational capital participation. “It is a blow when you put your foot in the door and take the citizen away,” he said, saying that Joao Goulart would have left the government when Jango was in Rio Grande do Sul in search of support from allies, since he was in the imminence of being detained by the articulators of the coup. In fact, this was the argument used by Senator Auro de Moura Andrade on April 2, 1964, to remove him from office, opening the way for the installation of the military regime and the possession of Marshal Castelo Branco in the presidency.

Among the controversial statements, the candidate confirmed, in answering a question elaborated by the jurist José Gregori, to have declared in the tribune of the Chamber of Deputies that one of the biggest mistakes of what he calls the “Revolution of 64” was not to have “sentenced to shoot Fernando Henrique Cardoso “. According to Bolsonaro, parliamentary immunity gives him a guarantee to say what he wishes to do. He denied having also suggested Gregori’s firing, claiming that he would not be an important person, so he would not “deserve” his attention.